Committee for Scientific IntegrityEstablished in 2006, the committee «Scientific Integrity» takes position on general questions related to scientific integrity, provides advice to research institutions, research promoting institutions and political authorities.
Compilation of Codes of conductSince 2010, the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences support the «Committee on Freedom and Responsibility in the conduct of Science» of the International Council for Science (ICSU). Among its tasks is the promotion of responsibility in the conduct of science. For this purpose, the Committee makes available the globally available Codes of conduct online.
Network event «Scientific Integrity»Can we assume that young scientists in Switzerland are aware of regulations regarding good scientific practice? Are students, doctoral candidates and PostDocs being equipped with the key elements of scientific integrity? Or, rather, would trainings and further education to the professorate, heads of research groups, ombudsmen and the supervisors of scientific works be necessary? And if so, how can such events be framed successfully?
The topic of training and further education was the focus of the second national network event on 10 December 2014 for professionals in the area of scientific integirty.
Prof. Christian W. Hess, Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences: Introduction (pdf; German, English, French)
lic. theol., Dipl.-Biol. Sibylle Ackermann, SAMS: Teaching and further education in the area of «Scientific Integrity» (pdf; German)
Dr Erika Löfström, University of Helsinki: Teach the teachers in scientific integrity: approaches, trends and central issues (pdf; English)
Authorship in scientific publications
Scientific publications not only serve the communication of science – the number of publications or citations is essentially determining career opportunities of scientists. Accordingly, clear guidelines are needed that may help deciding who will be on the author list and in what order. The Committee Scientific Integrity of the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences summarised the current regulations and formulated recommendations for authorship in scientific publications. These should help to prevent authorship disputes and offer guidance in the event of conflicts.
Brochure «Authorship in scientific publications: analysis and recommendations» (pdf)
National exchange of information and experience «Scientific Integrity», 30 May 2013
Presentation by Dr Elizabeth Wager: Ethics of authorship (pdf)
Presentation by Prof. Christian W. Hess: Authorship in scientific publications (pdf)
Principles and rules of procedure
Brochure Integrity in scientific research (pdf)
Powerpoint Presentation «Scientific Integrity»
Article «Scientific integrity, misconduct in science», by Emilio Bossi, Swiss Medical Weekly, 2010 (pdf)
The publication «Ethics Education in Science» of the All European Academies (ALLEA) summarises the key aspects in the communication and implementation of scientific integrity in ten principles and makes recommendations for their realisation. The Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences contributed to this publication in the context of their ALLEA membership.
Download the publication
Regulations concerning scientific misconduct in Switzerland
Overview: regulations concerning scientific misconduct issued by Swiss higher education institutions and the Swiss National Science Foundation (pdf)
Regulations of the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences on scientific integrity (pdf)
Collaboration between the medical profession and industry
Guidelines: Collaboration between the medical profession and industry
Private sponsoring of chairs
With a workshop in October 2012, the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences contributed to a more profound discussion on whether or not increasing private funding affected the independence in university research. The focus was the reputation of research and scientific expertise in society, which can currently still be estimated to be high because they are in principle perceived to be independent of interests, solution-oriented and committed to the benefit of society. This situation is potentially challenged by private funding in university research. There is therefore much at risk for the reputation of research and researchers in Switzerland.
More than 30 representatives of higher education administions, cantonal directors of education, researchers and donors participated at the workshop in Bern. The presentations were followed by a lively discussion. The majority of the participants were in favour of guidelines being developed by the Academies in order to safeguard the interests of donors and recipients.
Presentations (pdf; German)
Workshop report of the Academies (pdf; German)
Media reports: Le Temps, NZZ, Radio DRS2
Article by Thomas Cueni (Interpharma), Basler Zeitung (pdf)
European Statement of Principles based on Swiss initiative
Based on this workshop and at the initiative of the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences, the Working Group Science and Ethics of the All European Academies (ALLEA) developed, with the active contribution of the Swiss Academies, a statement of principles that was adopted in December 2014.
Download the ALLEA Statement of Principles
Ethics in the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences: inventory and perspectivesIn part, the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences have been involved in ethical questions for many years. In 2011, a report presented this engagement in ethics, discussing its strengths and weaknesses. It also outlines focus areas, which the Academies will work on in future based on the research law in the area of ethics
Report (pdf; German, French)
Open access means the immediate, permanent, free, complimentary and electronic access to scientific publications. Disproportional price increases by the publishing houses, the long delay between submission and publication of an article, the enforced transfer of author rights to the publishing houses and the limitation regarding the dissemination of research results are the main drivers for the interest in open access.